KK's Family History

Researching the Kult & Lawhorn and Case & Collier Families

Stephen CHENAULT, I[1]


  • Name Stephen CHENAULT 
    Gender Male 
    Married/Alternate Name Estienne Cheneau 
    Emigration 5 Mar 1700/01  [2
    • Ship: Nassau
    • Stephen Chenault, who was a follower of John Calvin and owing to religous persecution left his home in Southern France about 1700 in company with his wife. He was founder of the family in America and was one of the colony of two hundred Huguenots who received from colonial government of Virginia a grant of land in Monikin Town, then in Powhatten County, but now included within the boundaries of Goochland County. From that original seat they and others of the same extraction have spread to all parts of the Country, winning respect and honor wherever they have gone. Among the children of Stephen Chenault was Hugo, whose son Hugo Jr, married a Miss Dabney or D'Aubungne.

      "Chenault a Family Lineage", Huguenots fled France over a period of nearly two centuries, from early 17th to early 18th century.

      The presumption until now is that Steephen [I] lived past 1747. Stephen Jr. appeared in the records from 1739 until 1747, and the presumption was that this marked the appearance of Steephen [II], and that the records notation of Jr. meant that his father Stephen Sr. e.g. Stephen [I], was still living at the time. The Author believes those presumptions are wrong, and that Stephen [I] died by 1720, and that the records of Stephen Jr. from 1730 through 1747 refer to Stephen [III].

      Estienne Chenault or Stephen, who arrived in March 1701 at the mouth of the James River, near Yorktown, Virginia, and settled in Essex County, Virginia, where he died after 1740; married Mary Howlett in England.

      "Chenault a Family Lineage", The Nassau made round trips annually between England and America. On the 1700 voyage, the third arranged by the Relief Committee of London were 191 French Huguenot refugees seeking new lives. The vessel sailed from London. On 8 December 1700 it left Blackwall, England, its last port of call on the continent. The voyage charter provided for payment of 5 pounds sterling for each passenger plus 100 pounds for the use of one fourth of the ship hold reserved for the Huguenots. On 5 March 1700/1 the Nassau arrived in Virginia. Four days after the Nassau arrived the Virginia Council met and sought to dissuade the new arrivals not to proceed to Manakin Town as they had originally intended. Council appointed the Spiritual leader of the Huguenots, Rev. Louis La tare, to be the Minister to South Farnham Parish in Essex County.

      5 March 1701 Estienne Cheneau and sa femme (wife) arrived in the Blackwell, York River on the ship, Nassau. (5), (6)

      18 January 1702 Passes are granted for the ship, the Nassau to proceed to Virginia with 150 passengers. (Estienne Cheneau would be one of these) (4)

      9 March 1702 Report from Virginia that the French Protestant refugees have recently arrived in York River by the Nassau. (4)

      1705 Around this time great number of Huguenots arrived in the colonies of Virginia, Their chief settlement in Virginia was at Manakin. However, a few families went to an area known as Caroline. Three Boutwell (Bouteilles) brothers secured a large tract of land near the Rappahannock in the vicinity of Jack;s Hill. The La Foes, Durretts and Fountains moved inland and became frontiersmen. The Picardattes (Picardees), Chennaults and others came in a group and planted a settlement in the Mattapony Valley to become known as Picadees Fork. (2)

      3 May 1705 All Huguenots were naturalized. Making them citizens of the Virginia Colony (5)

      5 April 1714 Stephen Chenault (name has been Anglicized) witnessed a will of John Boulware in Essex County, Virginia. John Boulware owned plantations that John Hackley once owned. The names James All in, Richard Matthew, George Berry, Sam'll Stafford and Rowzee. (Fleet, Vol. 8-pp. 85-86)

      10 June 1714 Stephen Chenault witnessed a will of John Williams in Essex County, Virginia. In addition to John W. Williams, some other names mentioned are James Allin, Susanna Cook, John Boulware, and Joseph Lemon (Fleet, Vol 8-pp. 88-89)

      12 November 1714 Joseph Smith was appointed agent for Boulwares Storehouse on the Rappahannock River, Essex County, Virginia (Fleet, Vol. 9-p.6.)

      23 May 1717 the action of debt against Stephen Chenault by Robert Jones is dismissed in Essex County, Virginia (Special, Order. 16-23, I, p. 34)

      The presence of Chenaults in the Netherlands beginning at least by the turn of the 17th century, which follows the Bartholomew;s Day Massacre of 1572 is one evidence that Estienne Cheneau lived there prior to emigrating to America. But there is Stronger evidence than that.
      One of the Huguenot passengers who traveled to America aboard the NASSAU with Estienne Cheneau was Gabriel Mauoain, his wife and three children. By a stroke of fortune, records of the Huguenot Church in Amsterdam contain the baptism records of the children of Gabriel and his wife Marie, from 1692 through 1698. Credit for finding the record which establishes beyond a doubt the residence of Gabriel Maupin in Amsterdam goes to Dorothy Maupin Shaffett. A reasonable presumption is that the passengers of the NASSAU were largely drawn from Huguenot congregations in the Netherlands and traveled together. Additional research by others may establish further proof of this.
      On the above facts it is concluded that Stephen Chenault [I] probably was living in the Netherlands at the time he immigrated to America in 1700. The immigrants actually sailed from England, and may have spent months awaiting arrangements for transportation. on occasions there were transatlantic negotiations about where the Huguenots would settle in the New World, which delayed departures. No records have been located indicating how long or where passengers on the NASSAU waited in England before departing. In any event the Immigrants no doubt considered England a temporary stopover rather than a residence.

      source; http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=pistosbooks&id=I16732

    Person ID I5682  Kult-Lawhorn-Case-Collier Family Tree | Lawhorn Branch
    Last Modified 6 Oct 2018 

    +1. Stephen CHENAULT, II
    Last Modified 30 Apr 2011 
    Family ID F2026  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • CiteRef for this page  Kathy Kult, KKs Family History (http://kks-fam.net/getperson.php?personID=I5682&tree=1: accessed 16 February 2019), "Stephen CHENAULT, I".

  • Sources

    (Reliability ratings:
      0=Unreliable   1=Questionable   2=Secondary   3=Primary) 
    1. [S1062] Donna S. Mellick and Carolyn Sue Chenault, editors, Descendants of Estienne Cheneau (Stephen Chenault), 2008 Edition, (Auburn Hills, Michigan : Data Reproductions Corp., 2008), p. 233, no. 1. (Reliability: 2).

    2. [S1062] Donna S. Mellick and Carolyn Sue Chenault, editors, Descendants of Estienne Cheneau (Stephen Chenault), 2008 Edition, (Auburn Hills, Michigan : Data Reproductions Corp., 2008), p. 17, no. 1. (Reliability: 2).